Krugman on Keynes

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Left: Paul Krugman of Princeton University, winner of the Nobel Prize in Economics for 2008, holds his Nobel lecture at the Aula Magna of the Stockholm University, in Stockholm, Monday Dec. 8, 2008. Logotype of Swedish Academy of Sciences is in the background. (AP Photo/Fredrik Persson, Scanpix Sweden) Right: A portrait of Lord John Maynard Keynes taken in his office at the treasury. (08/24/45) AP Photo
Paul Krugman and John Maynard Keynes (AP Photo/Fredrik Persson, Scanpix Sweden)

Paul Krugman has been called “today’s leading interpreter of John Maynard Keynes,” the British economist whose ideas created a shift in thinking about macroeconomics during the 1930s, when the U.S. was struggling to recover from the Great Depression. Keynesians tend to favor public sector spending — a tactic that suceeded when Franklin D. Roosevelt’s administration prepared for war in Europe — to help economies through difficult times.

In fact, Krugman — who was recently interviewed on Moyers & Company — even introduced Macmillan’s recent edition of Keynes’ seminal work, The General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money calling it “the most important book in the history of economics.”

“I’ve tried to bring a little bit of what Keynes did into the modern world,” he said. “This kind of economics that is both intellectually innovative and trying to change the world for the better. But nobody can be like Keynes, and no book can be like the General Theory.”

We’ve pulled together some of Krugman’s writings for the New York Times on how he would apply Keynesian economics to our modern-day economic crisis.


Bleeding Europe — 12/11/2012
“[T]he economics of austerity have played out exactly according to script — the Keynesian script, that is, not the austerian script. Again and again, “responsible” technocrats induce their nations to accept the bitter austerity medicine; again and again, they fail to deliver results. The latest case in point is Italy…”

The iPhone Stimulus — 9/13/2012
“[D]epressions do end, eventually, even without government policies to get the economy out of this trap. Why? Long ago, John Maynard Keynes suggested that the answer was “use, decay, and obsolescence”: even in a depressed economy, at some point businesses will start replacing equipment, either because the stuff they have has worn out, or because much better stuff has come along; and, once they start doing that, the economy perks up. Sure enough, that’s what Apple is doing.”

Lord John Maynard Keynes, brilliant financial expert and adviser to the Treasury will accompany Lord Halifax when he returns to Washington for consultations in connection with the ending of Lend-Lease. Lord Keynes in his office at the Treasury, in London, on Aug. 24, 1945, packing documents into his portfolio, in preparation for his journey. (AP Photo)

John Maynard Keynes in London, Aug. 24, 1945. (AP Photo)

Money for Nothing — 7/26/2012
“[Y]ou should be a Keynesian, too. The experience of the past few years — above all, the spectacular failure of austerity policies in Europe — has been a dramatic demonstration of Keynes’s basic point: slashing spending in a depressed economy depresses that economy further.”

Keynes Was Right — 12/29/2011
“‘The boom, not the slump, is the right time for austerity at the Treasury.’ So declared John Maynard Keynes in 1937, even as F.D.R. was about to prove him right by trying to balance the budget too soon, sending the United States economy — which had been steadily recovering up to that point — into a severe recession. [...]Unfortunately, in late 2010 and early 2011, politicians and policy makers in much of the Western world believed that they knew better, that we should focus on deficits, not jobs, even though our economies had barely begun to recover from the slump that followed the financial crisis.”

Keynesophobia — 12/19/2011
“It is indeed frustrating that after three years in which Keynesian predictions have been spectacularly correct, pundits insist on reading the evidence as a rejection of Keynes.”

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